In October 2017, in The Globe and Mail in Toronto, an op-ed questioned the U.S. willingness to renegotiate the agreement or whether it planned to do so, no matter what, and noted that the newly appointed U.S. Ambassador, Kelly Knight Craft, is married to the owner of Alliance Resource Partners, a major U.S. coal company. Canada is implementing a carbon plan, and it is also about selling bomber jets. “Americans used so many poison pills in last week`s conversations in Washington that they should have been charged with murder,” columnist John Ibbitson wrote.  In 2008, Canadian exports to the United States and Mexico totaled $381.3 billion, while imports totaled $245.1 billion.  According to a 2004 paper by University of Toronto economist Daniel Trefler, NAFTA provided Canada with a significant net benefit in 2003, with long-term productivity increasing by up to 15 per cent in the sectors that experienced the largest tariff reductions.  While the decline in low-productivity jobs has reduced employment (up to 12 per cent of existing jobs), these job losses have lasted less than a decade; Overall, unemployment has declined in Canada since the legislation was passed. Trefler commented on the compromise, saying that the crucial trade policy issue was “how free trade can be implemented in an industrialized economy so that the long-term benefits and short-term adjustment costs borne by workers and others are recognized.”  Experts say Vietnam is also benefiting from an ongoing trade war between China and the United States, as large companies relocate their production to Vietnam to avoid U.S.
sanctions. Political scientist Daniel W. Drezner of Tufts University argued that NAFTA makes it easier for Mexico to transform into a true democracy and become a country that considers itself North America. This has strengthened cooperation between the United States and Mexico.  According to a 2013 jeff Faux article published by the Economic Policy Institute, California, Texas, Michigan and other high-concentration manufacturing states were most affected by NAFTA job losses.  According to a 2011 article by EPI economist Robert Scott, the trade agreement has “lost or supplanted” some 682,900 U.S. jobs.  Recent studies have agreed with congressional Research Service reports that NAFTA has little influence on manufacturing employment and automation, accounting for 87% of manufacturing job losses.  Economists generally agreed that the U.S. economy as a whole benefited from NAFTA by increasing trade.   In a 2012 survey by the Global Markets Initiative`s panel of economic experts, 95% of participants said that U.S. citizens benefited on average from NAFTA, while no one said that NAFTA was detrimental to U.S.
citizens on average.  A review of the 2001 Journal of Economic Perspectives showed that NAFTA was a net benefit to the United States.  A 2015 study showed that welfare in the United States increased by 0.08% and intra-block trade in the United States by 41% due to NAFTA tariff reductions.  After the United States