IMF (2016a) Towards Quarterly Trade, December. Washington D.C, International Monetary Fund Unsurprisingly, the four respondents considered more dependent on local physical infrastructure to provide and provide business services in Insingapore, the area of ship transport and repair and repair and maintenance, were, unsurprisingly, less concerned about significant technical barriers to trade; if they were, they probably shouldn`t be there at all. They have also been more active in providing services to clients outside Singapore within ASEAN and in other East Asian countries. They also highlighted the Singaporean government`s active commitment to developing rules that made the local creation of a business centre more attractive. Two of the european global manufacturing companies surveyed operate distribution/service/administration units in Singapore with the aim of expanding into the maintenance sector. Maintenance is considered an important activity for which they must be present in the field and most of the customers are local businesses. As a result, they operate in parallel units in at least five other ASEAN countries. The international trading community responded to these developments in the late 1980s/early 1990s by putting trade in services on the agenda of trade negotiations in Uruguay and in regional trade initiatives under discussion at the time. The North American Free Trade Agreement was signed in 1993 and came into force in 1994, and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), from the Uruguay Round, came into force in 1995, with rules essential for international trade in services. An independent consultant, Ecorys, conducted a Sustainable Impact Assessment (AIS) for tiSA. This study examines the potential economic, social and environmental impact of the agreement. To date, EFTA has concluded free trade agreements with Central American countries (Costa Rica, Guatemala and Panama), Chile, Colombia, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Hong Kong China, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Peru, Singapore and Ukraine. Ongoing negotiations with Georgia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam are also focused on trade in services, while discussions are ongoing on extending the scope of existing free trade agreements with Turkey and Canada on trade in services.
Ahnlid A, Alvstam CG, Lindberg L (2011) A world without walls of Verona: new challenges for the EU`s foreign trade policy in a resilient global economy – with a focus on Asia. In: Alvstam, Jennebring, Naurin (eds) I Europamissions tjonst. Centre for European Research, Gothenburg, p. 413-429 Currently, the United States has 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries. Free trade agreements can help your business enter and compete more easily in the global marketplace through zero or reduced tariffs and other provisions. Although the specifics of each free trade agreement are different, they generally provide for the removal of trade barriers and the creation of a more stable and transparent trade and investment environment. This makes it easier and cheaper for U.S. companies to export their products and services to the markets of their trading partners.
While bilateral trade in goods between the EU and ASEAN is characterized by a deficit from the EU`s point of view, the opposite is characteristic in the services sector. Products account for about 80% of total bilateral trade sales of goods and services. During the period 2010/2014, the ratio of exports to imports of goods between the EU and ASEAN averaged 0.74, representing an average annual EU deficit of about $32 billion. The corresponding rate in the services sector was at the same time 1.1, representing an EU surplus of around USD 3 billion per year in absolute terms. From the ASEAN perspective, the importance of the EU in the services sector is also slow but constantly decreasing, while ASEAN`s share of total EU services trade is increasing slightly, albeit at a well-inferred level.